"that every man is to be presumed to be sane, and...

that to establish a defense on the ground of insanity, it must be clearly proved that, at the time of the committing of the act, the party accused was laboring under such a defect of reason, from disease of the mind, as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing; or if he did know it, that he did not know he was doing what was wrong." have been a standard test for criminal liability in relation to mentally disordered defendants in common law jurisdictions ever since, with some minor adjustments.

The psychiatrist "based this conclusion on the girl's lack of emotional control, her consistent low scores in areas of judgment on psychological tests, and the likelihood that she would abuse a child." On occasion psychiatrists are asked for an opinion about an individual who is in the light of public attention or who has disclosed information about himself/herself through public media.

This includes the release of the individual to the community (or other community placement), a petition for involuntary inpatient placement (what some call civil commitment), involuntary outpatient placement (what some call outpatient commitment or assisted treatment orders), or voluntary treatment (if the person is competent to consent to voluntary treatment and consents to voluntary treatment).

The involuntary outpatient placement language in the Baker Act took effect as part of the Baker Act reform in 2005.

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The vaccine is also the preferred treatment for a common type of bladder cancer (click here) and there are indications that BCG may dramatically reduce the incidence of leukemia in children (click here).

It is even effective as a treatment for leprosy (click here)!

The BCG vaccine was developed at the beginning of the 20 century by two French scientists, Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin, work for which they were nominated for the Nobel Prize in 1928 (click here).

Spurred in part by the observation that milkmaids appeared to develop tuberculosis in far lesser numbers than the general population, the two scientists developed the BCG vaccine using live but very weakened bovine (cow) tuberculosis bacteria, which makes cows sick but isn’t infectious in humans.

Denise Faustman (click here), a Harvard University medical researcher. Faustman is at the forefront of research into the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine and in early trials has shown that the vaccine is capable of restoring dysfunctional parts of the immune system in patients with long-standing type I diabetes (click here). Faustman is currently conducting a phase 2 trial on long-term type I diabetics, with hopes of reporting results this summer.